出自Full Circle 中文项目主页
The way people stick to the news has undergone major changes through the years. The technologies that permit us to communicate and get information are continually being enhanced. For instance, moveable type was an improvement upon older printing methods, the phone was an improvement around the telegraph, and tv was an improvement around the radio.
The trend all along has been toward a far more global atmosphere. However, no technologies have accomplished this as completely as the Internet.
A couple of hundred years ago, most newspapers focused on local news; any foreign news big enough to help make the papers was often delayed a little, to account for slower ways of communication. Match it up to today, when you can read about something that happened halfway around the world, an hour or so or less after it occurred.
Before the telegraph was invented within the 1830s, there is virtually no way to spread news quickly so local papers just reported local news. Despite the telegraph was invented, though, there were still limits how quickly information could be relayed. A message needed to be composed through the sender, sent in Morse code (which taps out each letter separately) through the telegraph operator, and interpreted and written down through the receiving telegraph operator who then needed to discover the recipient and provide the message. Also, because telegraph messages were sent letter by letter, long messages (or plenty of information) were inconvenient and dear.
Printing also offered some hurdles for news reporting. Just before 1800, printing presses were manually operated, which put severe limits how many pages could be printed within an hour. Through the 1800s, the advent of steam-powered printing presses and other innovations enabled printers to more than quadruple the number of pages they might print in an hour.
As a result, newspapers were widely available through the mid to late1800s. More and more people learned to see, people these days browse the news than in the past.
In the early Twentieth century, the appearance of the radio changed the character of news forever. Through the 1910s, r / c have begun broadcasting news and talk. Even though the development of radio news programs was slowed somewhat by World War I, it quickly composed for time lost, by the 1930s the newspapers had arrived at fear the competition. And for good reason: Radio stations enabled listeners to obtain the news immediately and without paying for this - two main features of print newspapers.
A couple of decades later, television presented a different way to obtain the news: The very first big televised news program, "Hear It Now," started showing in 1951. This progressed to the way we know things now: a number of morning and evening news programs, making it simpler than ever for people to discover what is happening in their communities and round the world.
The latter phrase "around the world" is key. Radio and TV made it feasible for individuals to hear foreign news stories without much of a delay. The very first time within the history of the planet, ordinary people could stay up on what was happening in foreign countries without needing to wait for a next day's paper or spend money on it.
Innovations in printing and communication caused major changes to how people got this news within the 19th century. Radio and TV created even bigger alterations in the 20th century. But nothing can compare to the outcome the Internet makes in route we obtain this news.
The web has all the same features radio and TV offered. It's immediate, free, long reaching, but even more so. For example, the Internet doesn't have to wait for a regularly scheduled news program. Articles posted on the news website can be found instantly to people across the globe. Also, while some news sites have attempted paid subscriptions, most news is available for free. Finally, the long reach from the Internet has taken about concepts such as globalization, the idea that all the people in the world are interconnected, part of just one (albeit very large) community.
The web has done other things for that news, too. In some ways, it has restored the idea of the newspaper, since we once more read news stories. We cope with less in-your-face advertising: Both newspapers and also the Internet permit you the option of not exploring the advertisements, whereas radio stations and television force you to sit through scheduled commercials.
However, the Internet can also be constantly advancing, which means the face area of virtual news is definitely changing too. Videos have become popular on the web, a lot of news websites are beginning to use video clips to complement, and sometimes even replace, written stories. Other sites, for example NPR, offer the option to experience recordings of radio implies that have previously aired.